Interessante artigo no New York Times de hoje sobre o movimento de liberação das fraldas: Dare to Bare, por Meredith F. Small.
According to the Web site diaperfreebaby.org, diaper liberation comes as caretakers develop an “elimination communication” with their infants. “Elimination communication” is a fancy term for “paying attention,” in the same way we notice other stuff babies communicate like hunger, tiredness or a desire to be picked up.
In this case, parents watch for the kind of fussiness, squirming and funny faces that come before a baby urinates or has a bowel movement. Caretakers should also pay attention to any daily routines that the baby follows, like urinating after feedings or when waking up. At that point, it’s a simple matter of holding the baby on the pot, and pretty soon he or she connects the toilet with its function, and the pattern is set.
Small é antropóloga, professora em Cornell, mãe, e autora do livro Our Babies, Ourselves: How Biology and Culture Shape the Way We Parent. Embora ela mesma tenha passado mais que dois anos trocando fraldas, ela gostaria de ter tido a oportunidade de participar deste movimento. Como antropóloga ela fala de várias culturas que não põem fraldas em seus bebês, mas também aponta as controvérsias da prática. Além do uso de fraldas estar profundamente enraizado nas culturas ocidentais, Freud também deu seu pitaco nesta área:
Thanks to Freud, we also see the bathroom as a snake pit of psychological danger, and believe that the only way to prevent scarring a child for life is to let him or her come to the toilet in his or her own time, assuming there will be a diaper pinned on for as long as it takes. (I’m going to take a wild guess and say that the 75 countries that practice diaper-free training do not have a disproportionately high number of obsessive-compulsive adults.